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Citing Penal Code

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  • Citing Penal Code

    I need to cite the CA Penal Code for an essay (specifically 1170, 1(a)) and am trying to find the proper way to cite it (preferably APA). Does anyone know? I have found out how to cite other related articles, but no specifically CAPC.

    Thanks!

  • #2
    Originally posted by lionheartednyhc View Post
    I need to cite the CA Penal Code for an essay (specifically 1170, 1(a)) and am trying to find the proper way to cite it (preferably APA). Does anyone know? I have found out how to cite other related articles, but no specifically CAPC.

    Thanks!
    I'd like one of my California colleagues to confirm this for you, but I believe you'll be okay if you cite, for example 211 PC, which I believe is the Penal Code section for Robbery.

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    • #3
      What I am trying to cite is this (again, for an essay): CA Penal Code Section 1170

      (a) (1) The Legislature finds and declares that the purpose of imprisonment
      for crime is punishment.

      Just curious as to the proper way to referance it. So your saying just saying 1170(a)(1) PC?

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      • #4
        You normally say what type of code first..Penal, Vehicle, Welfare and Institution, Health and Safety, Business and Profession....etc

        However...it is understood either way...PC211 or 211PC
        This profession is not for people looking for positive reinforcement from the public. Very often it can be a thankless job and you can't desire accolades, because those are not usually forthcoming. Just do your job to the best of your ability and live with the decisions you've made.

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        • #5
          In written form, assuming that your audience may not be familiar with various code abbreviations, you could write it as "California Penal Code Section 1170(a)(1)" the first time, and then refer to it as "C.P.C. 1170(a)(1)" thereafter in your paper.
          LIFE IS TOO SHORT TO DRINK CHEAP BEER!

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          • #6
            Originally posted by andy5746 View Post
            In written form, assuming that your audience may not be familiar with various code abbreviations, you could write it as "California Penal Code Section 1170(a)(1)" the first time, and then refer to it as "C.P.C. 1170(a)(1)" thereafter in your paper.
            That's how I would cite various codes in an essay as well.

            If you're doing it in the "references" or "sources" section at the end of your essay... I would write is as:

            California Penal Code Section 1170(a)(1), 2008. Amended 19XX or 200X.
            Obviously, replace the X's with the year that the code was amended... If that's not available, then just leave it. That would be my best guess, though.
            sigpic

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            • #7
              Originally posted by Guams View Post
              That's how I would cite various codes in an essay as well.

              If you're doing it in the "references" or "sources" section at the end of your essay... I would write is as:



              Obviously, replace the X's with the year that the code was amended... If that's not available, then just leave it. That would be my best guess, though.
              Perfect, thanks Guams, thats what I needed. How do I find the date though?

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              • #8
                Originally posted by lionheartednyhc View Post
                Perfect, thanks Guams, thats what I needed. How do I find the date though?
                Good question. I would use the date of publication for the code book you have (if you have one).

                In my Wisconsin Statutes book, some of them have a date saying when they were amended, usually right at the end of that particular code/statute. Otherwise, to make it easy, just use 2008. I can pretty much guarantee that California has that code adopted this year.
                sigpic

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                • #9
                  Originally posted by lionheartednyhc View Post
                  Perfect, thanks Guams, thats what I needed. How do I find the date though?
                  Also give Google a shot with that code and see if there is more current information on it...

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                  • #10
                    Originally posted by lionheartednyhc View Post
                    Perfect, thanks Guams, thats what I needed. How do I find the date though?
                    Frequently in law books the date of enactment or ammendment is in parenthesis at the bottom of the section.

                    In the case of the law you are refrencing however there are currently two versions on the books. One sunsets on Jan 1 2009, the other takes effect Jan 1 2009.
                    Today's Quote:

                    "The difference between stupidity and genius is that genius has its limits."
                    Albert Einstein

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                    • #11
                      Awesome, thanks guys!

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                      • #12
                        This is the proper way to cite legislation in APA style


                        California Penal Code, Section 1170(a)(1) (2008). Retrieved October 19, 2008, from http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/cacode...70-1170.9.html

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